Agricultural Operations

Nuisances Emanating from Agricultural Operations

In May of 1998, the Province of Ontario enacted Bill 146, the Farming and Food Production Protection Act (FFPPA).  There are two main themes in the FFPPA:

  • Farmers are protected from nuisance complaints made by neighbours, provided they are following normal farm practices.
  • No municipal by-law applies to restrict a normal farm practice carried on as part of an agricultural operation.

The Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs administers the FFPPA – and has established processes to deal with complaints and determine what are and what are not “normal farm practices”: the Normal Farm Practices Protection Board. 

The Normal Farm Practices Protection Board hears from parties involved in formal complaints and has 3 options available to it after a hearing. In a nuisance case the board can:

  • dismiss an application if it is of the opinion that the disturbance results from a normal farm practice
  • order the farmer to cease the practice causing the disturbance, if it is not a normal farm practice, or
  • order the farmer to modify the practice in the manner set out in the order so as to be consistent with normal farm practice.

Ontario has produced a number of Factsheets providing information about the provincial legislation and the processes associated with dealing with complaints arising from nuisances from Agricultural Operations.  Those Factsheets include:

Factsheet - The Farming And Food Production Protection Act (FFPPA) and Nuisance Complaints

Factsheet - Bird Control on Grape and Tender Fruit Farms

Factsheet - Using Propane-Fired Canons to Keep Birds Away from Vineyards

Factsheet - Wind Machines for Minimizing Cold Injury to Horticultural Crops

To obtain additional information or to seek the assistance of the Ministry with a nuisance situation arising from an agricultural operation, you may view the website of the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs or contact the Province of Ontario’s Agricultural Information Contact Centre at 1-877-424-1300.

4800 South Service Road
Beamsville, Ontario
L0R 1B1

TEL: 905-563-8205
FAX: 905-563-6566
Emergency After-hours: 905-641-0971

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